The Cathedral

The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist
 
 
 
 
 
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The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist is at 222 East Harris Street. It is the Mother Church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Savannah.
 
 
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The colonial charter of Savannah prohibited Roman Catholics from settling in Savannah. The English Trustees feared that Roman Catholics would be more loyal to the Spanish in Florida than the English. This prohibition faded shortly after the American Revolutionary War and this congregation was reorganised around 1796. French Catholic emigres established the first church in 1799 fleeing from Haiti after an uprising and fleeing the French Revolution. A second church was dedicated in 1839 due to the increase in population of Savannah Catholics. Construction began on the new Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in 1873 and was completed by the addition of the spires in 1896. It was almost totally destroyed by fire in 1898 and through diligent effort was rebuilt by 1899. Today the Roman Catholic Diocese of Savannah includes ninety counties in Mid and Southern Georgia, including cities such as Columbus and Macon.
 
 
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History of the Cathedral:

Late 1700’s
First Parish Established:
Immigrants fleeing turmoil in Haiti and France established Savannah's first parish, the Congregation de Saint Jean-Baptiste, near the end of the 18th century.

1799-1780
Land Granted; First Cornerstone Laid

To accommodate a growing Catholic population, half a trust lot on Liberty Square was reserved as a building site for the small frame church of Saint John the Baptist.

 

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1811
New Site for the Growing Parish

On the 2nd of August 1811, the Mayor and Aldermen of Savannah granted a petition for a larger parcel of land at Montgomery and Hull Streets; but the congregation instead choose a site on Drayton and Perry Streets.

1835
Bishop of New Diocese Places Cornerstone

The first Bishop of the Diocese of Charleston (1820), which encompassed all of Georgia, was Bishop John England, and he placed the cornerstone of the new brick church. On the 1st of April 1839, Bishop England dedicated the Church of Saint John the Baptist, which seated 1,000 people.

 

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1850
Diocese of Savannah Erected

Pope Pius IX erected the Diocese of Savannah on the 19th of July 1850, with the Right Reverend Francis X Gartland as the first bishop. Saint John the Baptist Church (the only Catholic church in Savannah) was repaired following hurricane damage, enlarged and named the Cathedral.

1870
New Cathedral is Planned

The Right Reverend Ignatius Persico, fourth bishop of Savannah, began planning the construction of a new Cathedral. He procured land on Abercorn Street from the Sisters of Mercy, but resigned the see in 1872 due to poor health.

 

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1873
Cornerstone is Laid

The Right Reverend William H. Gross, C.Ss.R., laid the cornerstone of the new Cathedral on the 19th of November 1873. The new structure was dedicated to "Our Lady of Perpetual Help," a name the Cathedral retained for ten years.

1876
Cathedral is Dedicated

On the 30th of April 1876, the Most Reverend James Roosevelt Bayley, Archbishop of Baltimore, dedicated the new French Gothic style Cathedral, which was suitably soaring and ornate, with four side altars of white Italian marble.

 

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1896
Spires and Stucco are Added

The Right Reverand Thomas A. Becker completed the Cathedral with the building of the spires in 1896. The brick structure was also stuccoed and whitewashed.

1898
Fire Ravages Cathedral

A devastating fire on the 6th of February 1898, destroyed all of the Cathedral but the outside walls and the two spires. The rebuilding began immediately, and the seventh bishop of Savannah, Benjamin Keiley, celebrated the first mass in the rebuilt Cathedral on the 24th of December 1899. The rebuilt Cathedral was dedicated the 28th of October 1900, by the apostolic delegate to the United States, Archbishop Sebastian Martinelli.

 

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1912
Redecoration is Completed

It was another 13 years after the fire before the extensive decoration and artwork of the interior were finished. Savannah artist, Christopher Murphy, led the design and creation of the murals, and the stained glass windows were executed by the Innsbruck Glassmakers of the Austrian Tyrol, circa 1904.

1920
Cathedral is Consecrated

Following the retirement of the church's debt, which was a requirement for consecration at that time, Bishop Keiley was able to preside over the solemn consecration of the Cathedral in 1920.

 

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1959-1963
Renovations Are Accomplished

The Most Reverend Thomas J. McDonough directed a renovation of the Cathedral between 1959 and 1963. Improvements included the entrance plaza and heating, cooling and lighting upgrades. A new decorative scheme was established based on the original color palette, and a new pulpit and altar rail were added.

 

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1984-1985
Spire Repairs and Liturgical Updates

The twelfth bishop of Savannah, the Most Reverend Raymond W. Lessard, closed the church while the decaying timber foundations were replaced with reinforced concrete. Guided by the tenets of the Second Vatican Council, liturgical updates were executed, with the high altar placed for the celebrant to face the congregation.

 

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1998-2000
Restoration for Two Anniversaries

In September 1998, the Most Reverend J. Kevin Boland, the thirteenth bishop of Savannah, commenced a major restoration for the Cathedral. Directed by the Cathedral Rector, Monsignor William O. O'Neill, the exterior project included the replacement of the slate roof. Conrad Schmitt Studios of New Berlin, Wisconsin was commissioned for the restoration of the decorative paint scheme, murals, stained glass and Stations of the Cross. The restoration was completed in November 2000 to honor the 150th anniversary of the diocese and the 100th anniversary of the rededication of the Cathedral.

 

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ALL IN ALL A VERY BEAUTIFUL CATHEDRAL