Laura Spice and Herb
We stopped at Laura Spice and Herb
Garden and paid the £2.50 entry. Our guide was a young lady who knew her stuff.
She said it was easy to remember all the plants and their uses as "everyone grow
up learnin' 'em". She made us crush, squeeze, rub, sniff and guess.
All Spice, Aloe,
Big Thyme, Black sage and Bois Bande
All Spice, Pimento, Diocica
Spice is grown on a small scale in Grenada when compared to Jamaica. It is
believed however, that all spice has the aroma of both nutmeg and clove put
together. Used to flavour meat, fish, shellfish, soups, etc. Reminded us of
Aloes, Aloe Vera,
Uses: The gel is used for burns, bruises,
shampoo/conditioner, also use as a cleanser and tonic.
Big Thyme, Coleus Amboinicus,
Uses: A tea for colds, also used for headache and as a
Black Sage, Cordia Cuiassavica,
Uses: A tea from yellow leaves used for purifying the
blood easing menstrual pains, and for colds and fever. Stems chewed for
cleansing the teeth, yellow leaves used as a remedy for
Bois Bande, Roupala Mantana,
Uses: The bark soaked in rum used as a stimulant or
aphrodisiac. Also used for rheumatism.
Bois D'Inde or Bay Leaves, Pimenta Racemosa, Myrtaceae
Uses: The spice is found throughout the
Caribbean, South and Central America and many countries throughout the world.
The product bay rum is made from oils known as "myrcia" or bay oil which is
distilled from the bark, leaves and twigs. Bay rum is used as a rub for
rheumatism, colds, etc. A refreshing tea from leaves is used for chills and
trapped wind, leaves are also mixed with other herbs to ease afterbirth
Caca Beche, Senna Bicaosularis,
Uses: Boiled leaves extracted is used for cleansing
the skin, especially rashes on babies skin.
Cassia Fistula, Leguminosea
Uses: The pulp is used in tea as a
Christmas Bush, Cinnamon, Clove and Cochineal
Christmas Bush, Eupatorium
Uses: An herbal tea of leaves used for
Cinnamon, Cinnamonmum (syn.
Zeylanicum), Verum Myrtacea
Uses: This spice is
used similarly to its cousin Bois B'Inde (bay leaf). The difference is that the
bark is used as the spice and has a better market then Bay leaf. It is used as a
tea for chills, trapped wind, added to bath water, etc. It is also used to add
flavour to cakes, ice cream, soups etc.
Clove, Syzygium Aromaticum,
Uses: Used in soups as a seasoning, clove
oil is used as a sedative for toothache, soak in cotton and insert in
Cochineal, Nopalea Cochenillifera,
Uses: Mucilage used as a shampoo/conditioner, also
as a poultice for boils and abscesses.
Our first experience of a cocoa tree with its pods sticking out from the
Cocoa, Thembroma Cocoa,
Uses: Cocoa is Grenada second largest
industry. It is used as a tea or beverage, in cakes in sun tan oils/lotions. It
is believed that cocoa has a trace of caffeine.
Coolie Paw Paw, Garden Balsam, Ginger, Honeysuckle and
Coolie Paw Paw, Momordica
Uses: Leaf tea used for diabetes, high
blood pressure, fevers, colds and menstrual pains. Large green fruits cooked as
Ditay Paye, Capraria Biflora,
Uses: Leaves are boiled, strained and used for
washing the eyes.
Garden Balsam, Justica Pectoralis,
Acanthaceae (Zep sepanche, Carpenter grass)
Uses: A tea for colds,
fever, hoarseness and chest
Ginger, Zingiber Officinale,
Uses: A warm tea of rhizome used as a canninative
for trapped wind, used as a seasoning, an oil known as gingerol is extracted
from the rhizome and used for Rheumatism.
Honeysuckle, Leonotis Neptiflolia,
Uses: Leaf tea used for chest colds,
hoarseness and fevers.
Lemon Grass, Cymbopogon Citratus,
Uses: A pleasant tasting tea drunk for
fevers and menstrual pain.
Malome, Chamaesyce Hirta (Euphorbia
Uses: Leaf tea drunk for cooling and for
treating diarrhoea and venereal disease.
Nutmeg, Old Maid
Nutmeg, Myritica Fragrans,
Uses: This plant was brought to Grenada in
1843 by Hon. Frank Gurney from Banda. The oil is used in ointments for
colds such as "Vicks Vapour Rub", in cakes, rum punches, etc. Nutmeg and mace
are poisonous if taken in large amounts due to the presence of an aromatic oil
Old Maid (Peri winkle),
Catharanthus Roseus, Apocynaceae
Uses: Leaves from whites
flower variety used for diabetes. A drug found in this plant is used to treat
Paw Paw, Carica Papaya,
Uses: Eaten as a fruit when ripe, green fruit steeped
in water and drunk for diabetes and high blood pressure. Pulp from ripe fruit
mixed with sugar used for boils as a poultice, green fruit cooked with meat as a
Petite Baune, Ocimum Grastissimum,
Uses: A herbal tea used for colds, also used
as a seasoning.
Plantain, Plantago Major,
Uses: Leaves boiled, extract strained and
used for washing eyes and for ear ache.
Each plant was
Poor Man Pork, Basil,
meat and addition to stews, broths and
Santa Maria, Lippia Alba,
Uses: A tea from leaves used for colds and fevers,
juice extracted mixed with coconut oil for head colds in
Sapote, Pouteria Sapola,
Uses: This spice is collected from a huge tree which
grows to about 80 feet or more in height. The seed is protected by a round fruit
the size of a breadfruit which is edible. Used in cakes, pudding, porridge,
cookies etc. Alleged to be
Seamoss, Chondros Cripus,
Uses: Seamoss is categorised as one of the lower
plants. It is a pulp algea. Seamoss contains: protein, vitamins and traces
of mineral such as iron, calcium, phosphorus, etc.
Used in Grenada as a
soundo after the aphrodisiac
Shado Benie, Erynguim Foetidum,
Uses: A leaf tea drunk for fever. Leaves also
used as a seasoning.
Sour Sop, Annoma Muricata,
Uses: Ripe fruit is eaten raw, used for making
ice-cream from the pulp. A leaf tea is drunk for insomnia (sleeplessness), young
fruit is steeped in water, strained and drunk for diabetes and high blood
Spanish Needle, Bidens Pilosa,
Uses: Leaf tea is used for colds and
Tonka Bean, Dipteryx Ordorata,
Uses: Used throughout the world as a spice to add
flavour to many different products; such as cakes, pastries, and to add flavour
to vanilla. However, Tonka bean can be poisonous if used in large amounts
because it is the source of the drug Warfarin aka rat poison.
Wallcresses, Paperomia Pellucida,
Uses: A pleasant tasting tea for cooling and
Wild Coffee, Senna Accidentalis, Leguminosae
roasted and steeped in water. The strained beverage used for urinary
Zeba Pique, Nueroaleana Lobata,
Uses: From 1/2 to 1 leaf boiled or soaked
in rum used in treating typhoid and other fevers, also used to get rid of ticks
ALL IN ALL A
FASCINATING LOOK AT THE HEALING POWER OF NATURE